- Instructional Design Principle #1: Instructional Design Should Proceed At An Efficient Pace
- Instructional Design Principle #2: Organization is essential
- Instructional Design Principles #3: Set learning objectives
- Instructional Design Principle #4: provide guidance
- Instructional Design Principle #5: Provide feedback, evaluate performance and enhance retention
Instructional Design Principle #1: Instructional Design Should Proceed At An Efficient Pace
Since mastery of a skill requires a great deal of practice, an instructional program should quickly convey material while enticing students to practice whenever they have the chance.
This applies to both on-site and eLearning programs.
Effective instructional design revolves around getting students to a point where they can start applying their knowledge.
The writers of the book emphasize that efficiency is the best means of achieving this objective.
When creating materials, take the students’ backgrounds into account.
To create resources that will challenge pupils without overwhelming them, consider their backgrounds.
They will be able to learn at the quickest rate feasible thanks to this.
Include Supplementary Material
Students with backgrounds or skills that enable them to learn more quickly than the rest of the class should be given access to supplemental materials.
This is particularly true for university eLearning, where additional information in a subject that they are interested in can motivate students to do even more courses in that subject—or even to think about graduate-level study or a job in that field.
Add Remedial Material For Struggling Students
Include some extra material that can assist difficult students catch up as you create your course.
Lessons that use several senses and step-by-step explanations in a simpler style can aid in bringing these slower learners up to speed.
Use A Clear, Organized Format
The format in which you design the system is a key component of efficiency. Use straightforward language; avoid using jargon or difficult words.
Maintain a straightforward format so that the content is the challenge. Depending on the material, arrange the information in a logical order that makes sense.
For a history course, the order might be chronological, whereas themes might make more sense in a literature course. Keep tangential knowledge for use as enrichment.
The student may become distracted from the lesson’s primary objective by irrelevant information. Infographics and other visual and auditory aids must to be simple to grasp and easy to notice.
Always connect new content to what you’ve already studied as the complexity of the material increases.
Point out how the new material relates to the old—and how it points to what’s coming in later lessons.
Use outlines and tables to organize hierarchical structures and diagrams to illustrate more complicated relationships among various components of the material.
Use Small Units To Speed Up Learning
It may be counterintuitive, but people learn better in small chunks than if you ask them to digest a lot of material at once.
You might have presented a lot of material, but that portion of the material that the students actually internalize is larger when you use smaller chunks.
Instructional Design Principle #2: Organization is essential
Instructional Design Principles #3: Set learning objectives
No matter how enticing your introduction is, it’s tough to get excited about something if you don’t understand the point, right? You want to know what the end game is.
That’s why you need to be able to point to a clear learning objective as you’re going through the design process of your learning initiative.
What are you hoping that your learners walk away with? What are you aiming to teach them?
Maybe your objective is to familiarize them with a new piece of software that they’ll be using.
Or, perhaps you want them to know how to fill out your new expense reports.
Whatever your specific goal is, make sure that you can clearly pinpoint it—and then share it with your audience right from the start, so that you all have aligned expectations about the point of this course, training, or learning program.
Instructional Design Principle #4: provide guidance
Instructional Design Principle #5: Provide feedback, evaluate performance and enhance retention